"Bella Ciao" is a song of the Italian partisan anti-fascists who fought in the mountains of Italy during World War II. The composer and the author of the lyrics are unknown. As you see in this video, the young people at this outdoor concert in Italy know all the lyrics and still love this song, because it is a continuing symbol of the Italians who fought against the fascists and in many cases gave their lives. "Bella Ciao" means beautiful good-bye, and the lyrics talk of a young person who leaves his home to become a partisan fighter in the mountains, knowing that he will be killed for that decision but nonetheless committed to defending freedom. The song has been recorded in many languages and has continuing appeal today.
Performed in this video by the Modena City Ramblers, who started as an Irish folk group but evolved into Italian-folk-rock music group with an international and political influence (they call it "combat" folk music). http://www.ramblers.it/biografia/biografia_1.asp?idpag=2&lang=eng